Kidney cancer usually involves the formation of a single tumor in one of the person’s two kidneys. Located at the back of your abdomen, kidneys are about the size of a fist, and the smooth functioning of at least one kidney is necessary for a person to survive.
FUNCTION OF KIDNEYS:
The main function of the kidney is to make urine by removing waste and excess water from your blood. It also controls your blood pressure and make substances required for the production of red blood cells (RBCs).
TYPES OF KIDNEY CANCER:
Kidney cancer is mainly classified into 4 types:
Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
Kidney cancer is quite difficult to understand as it doesn’t show any symptoms in the initial stage. As it increases, some of the symptoms one might notice may include:
The first sign of kidney cancer is blood in the urine followed by other symptoms. If you feel you have any of these symptoms, it’s always better to find the nearest lab and consult a doctor.
There are two types of stages of Kidney cancer: Clinical stage and Pathological Stage. Staging usually involves finding out how far the cancer has spread within the body. Stage 1,2,3,4,5 are the stages assigned to the kidney cancer with stage 5 being the most advanced one.
Some of the risk factors associated with Kidney Cancer:
Some amazing and interesting facts about kidney cancer that you must know are:
Diagnosis of Kidney Cancer
If you have kidney cancer, diagnosis is easily available. It may be a tedious process however your doctor will do a physical exam to look for signs and symptoms to determine the stage of cancer.
Some tests may include:
Biopsy- Your cells are removed and examined to diagnose and detect the type of cancer to plan further treatment.
Genetic tests- Gene mutations are looked at in this case, as in, if your relatives were ever diagnosed with cancer at a younger age or do you have a family history of kidney cancer.
Imaging tests- Imaging tests include ultrasound, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), Computed tomography (CT) scan, or intravenous pyelogram (IVP) to find out how much and where the cancer cells have spread.
Blood tests- Blood tests are done to check the number of blood cells that may identify the internal problems caused by the spread of kidney cancer.
If kidney cancer is detected in the first stage itself, it is curable. Measures and advice given by the doctor definitely will help one in getting cured. Pathkind labs avail people all the facilities needed to find out whether they are diagnosed with Kidney Cancer, if they detect any symptoms, and accordingly help them during their need of the hour.