Liver is said to be the largest solid organ and the biggest gland in the human body. It can carry out over 500 essential tasks. It is responsible for filtering the blood coming from the digestive tract, before passing it to the rest of the body. It helps in detoxifying chemicals and metabolizes drugs. While performing all these functions, it secretes bile juice. One of the largest internal organs of the body that helps in digesting food, store glucose and convert toxic substances into less harmful wastes. Normally a healthy liver has a certain amount of fat in it, although when the fat in the liver becomes more than 5% of the total weight of the organ then this condition is called fatty liver disease. If the fat content in the liver becomes too high, then the person may suffer from a fatty liver. Fatty liver can be classified into two types viz. alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. If most of the basic functions of filtering out toxins is interrupted, there are chances that numerous health conditions can be developed.
Alcoholic & Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver:
Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: The liver performs the task of breaking down most of the alcohol present in the bloodstream in order to remove it from the body. But this process generates harmful substances that can damage liver cells and promote inflammation. The more alcohol one consumes, the more harmful waste is generated which damages the cells of the liver. These damaged cells cannot process the fats properly which gets deposited in the liver and further causes alcoholic fatty liver disease (AFLD).
Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: If the excess fat deposited in the liver is not due to heavy alcohol consumption, it is then regarded as non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. It is still unclear what causes this type of fatty liver but there are some risk factors to it like obesity, diabetes, viral hepatitis, high blood sugar, certain medications and autoimmune diseases.
Fatty liver Diet:
The diet for fatty liver in general disease includes:
A low-fat, miniaturized-calorie diet helps lose weight and reduces the risk of fatty liver disease. Ideally, if a person is overweight, he/she would aim to lose at least 10% of his/her body weight.
Food and Drinks one can consume for fatty liver disease:
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Fatty Liver Symptoms:
Fatty liver has no symptoms. However, if the liver becomes inflamed, you may display several symptoms. 20% of people suffering from fatty liver inflammation progress to worse conditions.
Fatty liver inflammation may lead to:
If fatty liver progresses to cirrhosis and liver failure, you may experience:
Fatty Liver Causes:
Diet: Consumption of excess calories in the diet (the excess caloric intake overwhelms the liver's ability to metabolize fat in a normal fashion, which results in fat accumulation in the liver).
Diseases: Fatty liver is also associated with obesity, type II diabetes, and high levels in the blood, celiac disease, and Wilson's disease.
Medical conditions: Rapid weight loss and malnutrition.
Medications: Medications such as tamoxifen (Soltamox), amiodarone injection (Nestorone), amiodarone oral (Cordarone, Pacerone), and methotrexate (Rheumatrex Dose Pack, Trexall) are associated with NAF.
Fatty Liver Treatment:
People should avoid alcohol, added sugar, red meat, excess salt, fried foods, white bread, rice and pasta.
There are currently no drugs on the market that are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for fatty liver disease. While losing 10 percent of your weight is ideal, even just 3 to 5 percent can help. Ask your doctor to check your blood for the hepatitis A and B vaccines as well. These can help prevent viruses from causing liver damage.