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Prediabetes - Diagnosis and Treatment

12.04.2019 Posted By : Dr Ashok Rattan Share :
Prediabetes - Diagnosis and Treatment

Our human body needs glucose levels in the blood that has to be maintained between 4-7 mmols (normal levels). Having a blood glucose level that is above 8.0 mmols is considered to be high and can eventually damage the blood vessel, particularly the smaller blood vessels that deliver blood to the eyes, feet, heart and kidneys. Prediabetes is where the amount of glucose in the bloodstream is higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classified as Type 2 Diabetes. Due to lifestyle changes, people with prediabetes are very likely to progress to type 2 diabetes. Eating healthy foods, including physical activity in the daily routine and maintain a healthy weight can help the blood sugar level back to normal.

How Is Prediabetes Diagnosed?

Majority of the people don't have any prediabetes symptoms. To check whether you are diagnosed with prediabetes your doctor may need to do a prediabetes hba1C test to find out if your blood glucose levels are higher than normal. If you’re overweight (have a BMI of higher than 25), you’re at high risk for developing prediabetes, mainly if you carry a lot of extra weight in your abdomen, you may develop prediabetes. The superfluous fat cells can cause the body to become more insulin resistant.

To check whether you are diagnosed with prediabetes, your doctor will run these several blood test:

  • Glycated hba1c test
    The test shows the average blood sugar level of the past 2 to 3 months. The test measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells (haemoglobin). The higher your blood sugar levels, the more haemoglobin you'll have with sugar attached.
  • Fasting blood sugar test
    A blood test is done after one has fasted for at least eight hours or overnight.
  • Oral glucose tolerance test
    The test is usually done to diagnose diabetes only during pregnancy. A blood test is done after one fast for at least eight hours or overnight. After the first test you'll be given to drink a sugary solution, and your blood sugar level will be measured again after two hours.

Treatment

A healthy lifestyle choice will help in bringing your blood sugar level back to normal, or at least keep it from rising toward the levels seen in type 2 diabetes.

To stop prediabetes from progressing to type 2 diabetes, try to eat healthy foods. Follow a prediabetes diet where your foods must have low in fats and calories and high in fibre. Eat more of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Strive on the variety of foods that will help in achieving your goals without compromising taste or nutrition.

Be more active. Set a goal for 30 to 60 minutes of moderate physical activity at least 5 days in a week. Stop smoking & consuming alcohol. It’s never too late to be tested. Get a prediabetes test done at the comfort of your home. Contact PathKind lab, pick up your phone find a lab near you and book a blood test appointment today!

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