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Thyroid Function Test: Procedures, Tests, Symptoms & More

22.02.2019 Posted By : Dr Ashok Rattan Share :
Thyroid Function Test

Confused about your latest thyroid blood test results? Thinking about the risk involved in making a bad judgement? Path Kind Labs offer a wide range of full body heath checkups that eliminates all your worries regarding thyroid test results, thyroid symptoms, thyroid treatment and thyroid diet more.

TSH, total T4, free T3, TSI (Blood tests for thyroid function) play a crucial role in identifying and treating thyroid problems. It is hard to diagnose a full nature of thyroid on a basis of a single test, however at times a single test can also help in drawing observations. It is a combination of all tests that help identify the exact nature of the hypothyroidism symptoms. Hypothyroidism is evaluated and diagnosed by a physician or your primary care doctor. Thyroid Symptoms, signs, and thyroid blood tests are taken into consideration when assessing the possibility of an underactive thyroid gland, all of which help identify the cause and cruelty of the disease.

Types of Tests: (Thyroid Function Test)

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH):
TSH is basically a blood test that is accountable for the amount of T4(thyroxine) that the thyroid is being signalled to make. One can identify hypothyroidism if the TSH levels are high.

T4(throxine) Test:
Blood Test - free T4 and the free T4 index in combination with a TSH test, indicates your doctor to know how your thyroid is functioning and whether is there is precautions needs to be taken.

Triiodothyronine (T3):
Triiodothyronine (T3) is the active hormone formed by the alteration of thyroxine into triiodothyronine. Three different tests measure various aspects of T3: Total T3, Free T3 and Reverse T3.

Thyroglobulin (Tg):
Thyroglobulin (Tg) is a 660 kDa, dimeric protein produced by the follicular cells of the thyroid and used entirely within the thyroid gland. Thyroglobulin protein accounts for approximately half of the protein content of the thyroid gland.

Thyroid Symptoms:

Underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
Many symptoms of an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism symptoms) are the same as those of other conditions, so it can easily be confused for something else

Common symptoms include:

  • tiredness
  • being sensitive to cold
  • weight gain
  • depression
  • muscle aches and weakness
  • dry and scaly skin
  • pain, numbness and a tingling sensation in the hand and fingers (carpal tunnel syndrome)

Later symptoms (if the disease is not treated):

  • low-pitched and hoarse voice
  • puffy-looking face
  • thinned or partly missing eyebrows
  • slow heart rate
  • hearing loss
  • anaemia

Thyroid Diet

Hypothyroidism symptoms are often observed when levels of the two thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), go below a certain level. Though changing your diet alone isn't enough to restore normal thyroid hormone levels but changing your eating lifestyle can drastically improve your body's absorption power.

Foods that can included in the diet are:

  • Soy
  • Iodine-rich foods
  • Iron-calcium supplement
  • Rich fiber foods
  • Green Vegetable
  • Tyrosine (Amino acide required to produce T3 & T4, often found in meat, dairy and legumes.)
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