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3 Effects of High Blood Pressure on the Body

26.12.2018 Posted By : Ashok Rattan Share :
Effects of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is a medical condition that adversely effects the health of several people all over the world. In some cases, the condition may slowly damage the body for many years before any visible symptoms start to appear. If not controlled in time, it may land you with a disability, negatively impact your quality of life, or even cause a heart attack.

While a pathology lab test at a top quality blood test lab can accurately determine the medical conditions associated with high blood pressure, it is important to know about the various adverse effects the condition can cause to the body in order to deal with it effectively.

Damages the Arteries

Healthy arteries are supposed to be elastic, flexible, and strong. They allow blood to freely flow throughout the body in order to supply all vital organs and tissues with nutrients and oxygen. High blood pressure gradually leads to an increase in the pressure of blood flowing through the arteries, and may cause conditions such as:

  • Narrowed Arteries

Hypertension slowly damages the cells of the arteries’ inner lining, limiting the blood flow to other parts of the body and causing the artery walls to become less elastic.

  • Aneurysm

This condition occurs over time when the blood moves through a weakened artery constantly, causing a section of its wall to enlarge forming a bulge.

Damages the Heart 

The function of the heart is to pump blood to all parts of the body. Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to several adverse heart conditions including:

  • Enlarged Left Heart

The heart of a high blood pressure patient works harder to supply blood to other parts of the body. As a result, it causes the left ventricle to thicken and limits its ability to supply blood to other parts of the body. 

  • Heart Failure

Constant high blood pressure strains the heart, causing the heart muscle to weaken. This results in the heart muscle working less efficiently, eventually leading to heart failure.

Sexual Dysfunction

While the ability of men to have and maintain an erection drastically reduces after age 50, this is even more likely to happen if a person has constantly suffered from hypertension. The condition limits the flow of blood to the penis, making it difficult for several men to have and maintain erections. This condition is known as erectile dysfunction, and is quite common in men who leave their high blood pressure untreated. 

Other effects of high blood pressure on the body include:

·      Eye damage such as nerve damage, fluid buildup under retina, and eye blood vessel damage

·      Kidney damage such as kidney failure, kidney scarring, and kidney artery aneurysm

·      Brain damage such as stroke, dementia, mild cognitive impairment, etc.

·      Bone loss and difficulty in sleeping

The complications associated with high blood pressure can often be life-threatening. However, proper treatment and incorporating a few lifestyle changes can effectively help patients in keeping several adverse medical conditions related to hypertension away.

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