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What is HDL & LDL? What are the Risks associated with Low Levels of HDL Cholesterol?

03.05.2018 Posted By : Dr. Ashok Rattan Share :
HDL & LDL Cholesterol Range

Most people are aware of the fact that high cholesterol levels increase the risk of developing heart diseases. Cholesterol can be good (HDL cholesterol) and bad (LDL cholesterol). Several studies involving large number of people have shown that low levels of LDL cholesterol results in reduced risk of heart diseases. In fact, lowering the levels of LDL cholesterol with the help of drugs has also been seen to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

Coming to the good or HDL cholesterol, epidemiological studies have proved that high levels of HDL cholesterol is associated with a decrease in risk of developing cardiovascular diseases. However, using specific drugs to increase the HDL cholesterol levels haven’t shown to significantly improve these results.

According to a paper published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, a study including 6,31,732 people found that low HDL cholesterol levels is linked to a wide array of factors which affect health, including cardiovascular risks, higher triglycerides levels, and other medical problems.

As per the study, low HDL cholesterol level increases the risk of death from cardiovascular diseases along with a higher death rate from cancer as compared to people with average or higher HDL levels. The interesting part of the study is that there’s no biological explanation for low HDL cholesterol levels to cause deaths from heart diseases or cancer. To conclude, researchers have found that the underlying cause of low HDL cholesterol levels such as unhealthy lifestyle or improper diet are what make consequences worse.

More research still needs to be carried out to better determine the relationship between low HDL cholesterol levels and heart diseases. Some HDL cholesterol raising drugs are also being tested to establish whether raising the levels of low HDL can significantly improve heart health or not. The study recommends a well-balanced diet with all essential nutrients and regular exercise to keep a healthy heart and reduce the other health risks associated with people having low HDL cholesterol levels.

If you’re still unaware of your good (HDL) and bad (LDL) cholesterol levels, visit a pathology lab near you and get a health checkup done. Knowing what’s wrong with your health in time will help you stay away from adverse health conditions such as heart diseases and strokes.

 
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