CALL US NOW 75000 75111

All you need to Know about Urine Test or Urinalysis

Dr Rishika Agarwal 3613 Views
Updated: 16 Jan 2024
Published: 15 Jan 2019
Urine Test or Urinalysis

Urinalysis, more commonly known as urine test, is type of a laboratory examination that helps in the detection of problems indicated by human urine. Since many disorders and diseases have influence on the body’s process of removing waste and toxins, the test can detect problems in organs associated with the human excretion system. It can diagnose problems related to the lungs, kidneys, urinary tract and bladder that have significant effects on the appearance, concentration and content of the urine.

Here is everything you need to know about urine test:  

Need of Urine Test

Urine test is often conducted before surgeries to determine the health condition of the patient. It is also used as a preemptive screening during pregnancy checkups for identifying the risk of certain birth defects in fetus. Some specific cases where urine test is essentially used in diagnosis include:

  • Kidney health and risk of diseases
  • Liver health and risk of diseases
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Diabetes

If the consulted medical experts trace signs related to any of the conditions, they can further suggest tests in future sessions for determining the progression of the condition and effectiveness of the treatment. They can also conduct urine test in cases of certain symptoms including:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Excretion of blood in urine
  • Pain during urination
  • Back pain

Urine test is also conducted as a part of routine medical and physical examinations as it is one of the most efficient ways to determine signs of certain illnesses in their early stages.

Methods of Urine Test

According to medical experts, urine sample can be tested in three ways after collection. These include:

  • Dipstick Test

During the dipstick test, the lab experts insert a chemically treated plastic stick into the urine sample and examine the color change based on the presence of certain substances. This helps them to identify:

  1. Blood
  2. Sugar (possible diabetes)
  3. Proteins
  4. Bilirubin (orange-yellow substance made during RBC breakdown)
  5. Changes in pH levels or acidity (possible urinary tract or kidney issues)

The dipstick test can also examine the urine concentration that can determine the hydration levels of the body.

  • Microscopic Test

In the microscopic test, a lab expert examines the urine sample under the microscope for determining:

  1. Abnormalities in RBC’s and WBC’s
  2. Crystals that may indicate kidney stones
  3. Infectious bacteria or yeast
  4. Epithelial that may indicate tumor

Microscopic tests can minutely examine the sample and recognize signs associated with kidney diseases, bladder cancer and blood disorders.

  • Visual Examination

In this process, the lab expert examines the urine sample for abnormalities including clouded appearance, abnormal odors and reddish or brown appearance that can indicate infections or blood in the urine respectively.

Preparing for Urine Test

According to experts, while patients undergo a urine test, they should drink appropriate amounts of water to provide enough urine sample. However, if the patient consumes excessive amounts, it may lead to inaccurate test results. Patients must also avoid changing of diet and should always make the experts aware of any medication or supplement consumption.

Medical experts claim that like thyroid test, blood test, urine test also plays an equally important role in determining the health and overall medical condition of the body.

Most viewed

Navigating Pregnancy Stages: Understanding the Significance ...

By: Dr.Ayushi Bansal 25 Oct 2023

Ensuring Heart Health: Exploring the Benefits and Importance...

By: Dr.Ayushi Bansal 31 Oct 2023

Guarding Your Vitality: The Role of Kidney Test Packages in ...

By: Dr. Rahul Verma 30 Oct 2023

All you need to know about Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Test

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 19 Apr 2023

Type 2 Diabetes and Your Diet: How What You Eat Affects Your

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 26 Oct 2023

Covid-19: Precautions to Be Taken During the Upcoming Festiv...

By: Pathkind Team 02 Dec 2020

Why Are Heart Attacks Becoming Common Among Young People? Kn...

By: Pathkind Team 04 Oct 2021

Understanding the CBC Test Normal Range: A Step-by-Step Guid...

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 16 Jan 2024

Kegel Exercises are Your Bet to a Killer Orgasm! Know More!

By: Dr. Rahul Verma 12 Jan 2023

Widal Test Normal Range Explained: A Comprehensive Guide

By: Dr. Rahul Verma 22 Jan 2024

Hepatitis B: Causes, Symptoms, Transmission, and Diagnostic ...

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 12 Oct 2023

Decoding Psoriasis: Unveiling Symptoms, Triggers, and the Ro...

By: Pathkind Team 17 Jul 2023

Navigating Seasonal Illnesses: Tips for Recognizing and Mana...

By: Dr. Rahul Verma 30 Jan 2024

Vitamin D and Depression: Where’s the Sunshine?

By: Pathkind Team 13 Apr 2022

Taking Action Against Myeloma Cancer! Know all about the Dis...

By: Dr. Pankaj Mandale 24 Jun 2024

Related Blog

What Causes the Smog During Winters?

Pathkind Team | 02 Feb 2021

Preparing Your Family for Cold and Flu Season: Prevention is...

Pathkind Team | 02 Feb 2021

How does sleep cycle affect your health?

Pathkind Team | 25 Apr 2021

10 Common Summer Ailments and How to prevent them?

Pathkind Team | 25 Apr 2021

Know About Monsoon Diseases and Ways to Overcome Them

Pathkind Team | 27 Jul 2021

What Is the Best Environment for Sleep?

Pathkind Team | 27 Jul 2021

How Does the Air We Breathe Affect Us?

Pathkind Team | 02 Dec 2020

How Can Coronavirus Affect People Living with Diabetes?

Pathkind Team | 17 Jun 2020

Get a call back from our Health Advisor

Related Test

Component : Aminolevulinic Acid, 24 Hrs Urine

Include : parameters

Specimen : 24 Hours Urine In Dark Container. 10 ml of 6 M HCL

Report Delivery :

4500

Component : Chloride, Urine; Total Volume; 24 Hrs Urine Chloride

Include : parameters

Specimen : Urine

Report Delivery :

280

Component : Urine Calcium, Total Volume, Urine Calcium 24Hrs

Include : parameters

Specimen : 24-HOUR URINE

Report Delivery :

280

Recent Blog

© 2024 Pathkind Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved | Unsubscribe