CALL US NOW 75000 75111

Dengue Fever in India: Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention Strategies for the Rising Cases

Dr. Rahul Verma 10993 Views
Updated: 17 Jan 2024
Published: 27 Jun 2023
Symptoms of Dengue Fever in India

Dengue Fever in India

Dengue fever is a viral infection caused by female Aedes mosquitoes. In India, the first epidemic of clinical dengue-like illness was recorded in Chennai in 1780. The word “dengue” is derived from Swahili, meaning “cramp-like seizure” Most people with dengue have mild or no symptoms and get better in one to two weeks. Though, it has been noted that severe dengue can lead to death.

Transmission of Dengue

  1. Mosquito-to-human Transmission

    The dengue virus in India is transmitted through the bites of infected female mosquitoes. Although other Aedes genus species are capable of acting as vectors, Aedes aegypti is the primary contributor.
     
  2. Human-to-mosquito transmission

    Mosquitoes can become infected by people too. Human-to-mosquito transmission can occur up to two days before someone shows the symptoms of the illness and up to two days after the fever has resolved.
     
  3. Maternal Transmission

    Mosquito vectors are involved in the main human-to-human mode of transmission of dengue. However, there is evidence suggesting that a pregnant woman could transmit the disease to her unborn child.
     
  4. Other Transmission

    Rare instances of transmission by transfusions, organ donation, and blood products have been documented. Similar to this, records of the virus's transovarial transmission within mosquitoes exist as well.

Symptoms of Dengue

While many patients with dengue might be asymptomatic, The symptoms of dengue are usually seen after four to ten days of getting the infection. The symptoms of dengue fever in India can be as follow:

  1. Severe Abdominal Pain
  2. Persistent vomiting
  3. Rapid Breathing 
  4. Bleeding gums or nose
  5. Fatigue
  6. Restlessness
  7. Blood in Vomit/Stool
  8. Being very thirsty
  9. Pale and cold skin
  10. Feeling weak

Prevention Of Dengue in India 

Prevention & Treatment of Dengue Fever

"Prevention is always better than cure" Preventing mosquito bites is the best way to prevent dengue. Here are some practices to facilitate the same:

  • Dressed in clothing that covers as much of your body as possible
  • Mosquito netting: Ideally, if sleeping during the day, use mosquito nets sprayed with insecticide.
  • Window screens
  • Mosquito repellent 
  • Coils and vaporizers
  • Do not let stagnant water collect, as it can be a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
  • Keep the water sources covered 
  • Disinfect ponds and aquariums 
  • Keep your surroundings clean

Treatment of symptoms of dengue

If you get dengue, it is recommended to rest and consume ample amounts of fluids. While there is no proven treatment for dengue, doctors often prescribe paracetamol to handle the symptoms of dengue. One should also avoid taking anti-inflammatory medicines like aspirin. It is a smart decision to watch out for severe symptoms of dengue and contact your doctor as soon as possible. 

There is a vaccine that has been approved called Dengavaxia for people who have had dengue at least once and live in places where the disease is common. 

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) Testing for Dengue

Because the level of IgG that needs to be monitored in the test has a tendency to rise gradually, the immunoglobulin G (IgG) test is used to identify infection in the latter stages of the disease. IgG antibodies often start to be detected at low levels 14 to 21 days after infection, and then they gradually increase. These antibodies can linger in the blood for up to 90 days, and in some situations, they may do so indefinitely.

After 14 to 21 days of infection, or even later as these antibodies continue to circulate in the blood for several months after infection, you can get an IgG antibody test for dengue. IgG antibodies are a symptom of prior dengue infection, dengue recovery, or recent dengue immunization.

Complete Blood Count test for Dengue

Oftentimes, dengue is linked to a lower platelet count (normal platelet count lies in the range of 1.5 to 4 lacs). Thus, the platelet count should be carefully and frequently examined, especially when the fever subsides.

A patient's platelet count and total white blood cells (WBC) count may both decline if they test positive for dengue-specific antigen. Yet, it's crucial to understand that platelet counts are not the only factor in the diagnosis of dengue.

The lab tests listed above can assist in identifying and confirming dengue fever. However, if the tests are not carried out at a certain time of sickness, it is likely that some of these tests will miss a diagnosis in a small number of patients. 

If you are facing the symptoms of dengue, then it is well advised to go to a physician and get tested on their recommendation. If you want to book a test, you can find it on the website of Pathkind Lab, and we will be happy to help!

Most viewed

Quick Remedies and Long-Term Care for Soothing Your Skin

By: Pathkind Team 23 Jun 2023

Difference between T3 and T4 Thyroid Hormone

By: Pathkind Team 23 Jul 2019

Thyroid Function Testing at Home: Unraveling the Importance ...

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 20 Oct 2023

10 Warning Signs of Congestive Heart Failure You Should Neve...

By: Dr.Ayushi Bansal 21 Feb 2024

Feeling Down? What are the signs of Anemia, and how to preve...

By: Pathkind Team 02 Feb 2023

How Do Coronavirus Tests Work?

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 15 Sep 2020

Nipah Virus: Understanding the Threat and Prevention Measure...

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 27 Sep 2023

Top 10 Blood Tests for Older Adults: What to Know

By: Pathkind Team 15 Aug 2022

Know About Proper Usage, Disposal and Reuse of Mask

By: Dr. Samiksha Ahlawat 04 Oct 2020

CRP and Heart Health: Assessing Cardiovascular Risk

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 20 Feb 2024

Tips to Prevent a Heart Attack

By: Dr. Pankaj Mandale 11 Mar 2019

High Blood Pressure – Causes, Symptoms, and Prevention

By: Pathkind Team 15 Aug 2022

Importance of Breast Cancer Screening: Why Early Detection i...

By: Dr Rishika Agarwal 12 Apr 2023

Important Tests That Our Parents Should Take

By: Dr. Rahul Verma 28 Aug 2019

All About Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection, Its Procedure &...

By: Dr.Ayushi Bansal 06 Feb 2023

Related Blog

Hereditary Diseases: What and When to Get Tested

| 25 Apr 2021

5 Important Diagnostic Tests for Women Above 30

Pathkind Team | 01 Dec 2020

Hormonal Imbalance: Symptoms, Treatment, Tests, and Causes

| 24 Feb 2020

How to reduce the risk of getting sick?

| 05 Feb 2020

Important Tests That Our Parents Should Take

| 28 Aug 2019

Best Foods To Improve Digestion

| 18 Aug 2019

The Role of Vitamin D & Calcium in Bones

Pathkind Team | 22 Mar 2019

Book Preventive Health Check-Up Packages

| 28 Mar 2019

Get a call back from our Health Advisor

Related Test

Component : Dengue RNA PCR

Include : parameters

Specimen : EDTA Plasma

Report Delivery :

3200

Component : Dengue Virus IgG Antibodies

Include : parameters

Specimen : Serum

Report Delivery :

1000

Component : PCR for Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, Enteric Fever, Leptospira spp., Scrub Typhus

Include : parameters

Specimen : 1.5 ml EDTA Plasma. Separate Plasma within 2 hrs of collection by centrifuge at 1800g for 10-12 min. Kindly ship along with Cold packs to maintain temperature of 4- 15°C

Report Delivery :

6200

Component : Dengue Virus IgG & IgM Antibodies , Dengue Ns1 Antigen Test, Dengue Duo Rapid Test

Include : parameters

Specimen : Serum

Report Delivery :

2499

Recent Blog

© 2024 Pathkind Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved | Unsubscribe