You must be aware of the nutrients required by our bodies to function optimally. Do you know the 13 essential vitamins for the survival of the body? These essential vitamins are A, C, D, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, and B12. If any of the vitamins are not present in the required amount, there will be consequences. In this blog, let us focus on vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms and causes. Also known as cobalamin, deficiency of B12 can cause several problems in the body. Read on to learn more about vitamin B12 deficiency and its treatment.
Vitamin B12 is a type of nutrient soluble in water. It is also a must-have nutrient in the human body. Not one or two, but vitamin B12 plays many roles in the human body. Vitamin B12 supports the formation of RBCs in the blood and helps develop cellular energy. It also extends support to the adrenal gland in the body. Without vitamin B12, nutrient absorption in the body becomes trickier. From DNA synthesis to maintenance of reproductive health, cobalamin has many uses. It also plays a role in brain regeneration and memory recall.
As one can see, there are multiple functionalities of vitamin B12 in the body. Therefore, vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms are not a good sign for the human body. It is crucial to note that the human body does not indulge in producing vitamin B12. Since cobalamin is essential for body growth and development, one has to take it from food sources. Dairy products, poultry items, fish, and meat are some food items that contain B12.
According to some reports, around 25% of adults have marginal or severe vitamin B12 deficiency. After discovering specific symptoms, a practitioner can suggest the route for vitamin B12 deficiency treatment. People that showcase deficiency symptoms take a vitamin B12 test to know the current levels in the body.
When vitamin B12 is less than the average level in the body, deficiency occurs. In healthy individuals, vitamin B12 is always between 200 ng/mL and 900 ng/mL. Vitamin B12 is always measured in nanograms in every millilitre of blood in the body. If vitamin B12 in the body is less than 200 ng/mL, it is a serious problem. Due to cobalamin deficiency, new red blood cells cannot be produced at the same rate. As a result, the individual might start suffering from anaemia, a lack of blood in the body.
How to know whether an individual requires vitamin B12 deficiency treatment? Well, a vitamin B12 blood test will let you know the current cobalamin levels in the body. If the blood test reports a lower level of cobalamin, the individual requires vitamin B12 deficiency treatment right away. A sample of blood is drawn from the vein puncture of the individual to conduct a vitamin B12 test. Anaemia is just one disease caused due to deficiency of cobalamin in the body. Many serious conditions and diseases can occur due to cobalamin deficiency in the body.
Numerous reasons lead to vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms, like:
Common vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms are as follows:
As one can see, there are many vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms. On experiencing any cobalamin deficiency symptoms, consult a doctor and take a vitamin B12 test.
Vitamin B12 deficiency treatment depends on the severity of the condition. An individual undergoes vitamin B12 deficiency treatment until the cobalamin levels are back to normal (between 200 – 900 ng/mL). Cobalamin deficiency treatment includes:
For prolonged cobalamin deficiency, the doctor provides injections at regular intervals. Hydroxocobalamin injection is widely used for vitamin B12 deficiency treatment. Vitamin B12 tablets are also available in the market that can help treat the deficiency to an extent. Vitamin B12 tablets are consumed once a day between two meals/diets.
Besides tablets and injections, diet-related treatments are also available for vitamin B12 deficiency. Individuals can consume meat, fish, egg, and dairy products to treat vitamin B12 deficiency up to an extent. Vegetarian individuals can consume soy food items, yeast, milk, and cheese to improve cobalamin levels in the body. Know more about vitamin B12 deficiency symptoms and treatments!