PCOS is a condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels. It affects the woman during her childbearing years, that is from age 15 to 44. Many women are not aware that they have PCOS and they may have never been diagnosed with the condition as well.
This condition affects a woman’s ovaries. Ovaries are the reproductive organ that produces estrogen and progesterone (menstrual cycle regulating hormone). It also produces a minute amount of male hormone known as androgen.
In PCOS, there is a formation of cysts, which are small fluid-filled sacs that grow inside the ovaries. These sacs are actually the follicles that contain an immature egg. The failure to release the egg at the time of ovulation may turn them into the content of fluid-filled sacs. An appropriate PCOS test is carried out to determine the formation of these fluids.
The exact causes of PCOS are unknown. Doctors believe that when the level of male hormone androgen is high it prevents the ovary from producing the hormones and producing normal eggs. The factors that have been linked to produce a higher level of androgen are genes, insulin resistance, and inflammation.
Some women around the time of their first period discover PCOS symptoms. Other women discover PCOS when they have obesity or are trying to get pregnant. Some of the common symptoms are:
Diagnosis of PCOS is done in women who have these symptoms:
Early detection can be done by taking health packages that do various tests to determine different conditions in our body. A pelvic exam, blood test, or ultrasound can confirm the diagnosis.
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