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SGPT Test – Normal & High Ranges, Uses, Results, Causes & Symptoms

Dr. Rahul Verma 2893 Views
Updated: 15 Apr 2024
Published: 19 Jan 2024
SGPT normal range

In the realm of liver health, SGPT, or serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, plays a crucial role in assessing the well-being of this vital organ. Paired with its counterpart, SGOT (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase), SGPT levels provide valuable insights into liver function.

In this blog, we’ll talk about the normal range of SGPT, SGOT normal range, why maintaining normal levels is paramount, and much more!

What Is SGPT?

SGPT, or serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, is a crucial enzyme primarily found in the liver, playing a vital role in metabolic processes. It serves as a key marker for assessing liver health. Together with its counterpart, SGOT, these enzymes provide insights into potential liver damage or disease.

The normal SGPT range typically falls between 7 to 56 U/L, making it a significant parameter in routine blood tests. Elevated SGPT levels may indicate underlying liver issues, necessitating further investigation. Regular understanding of SGPT levels, their causes, and associated symptoms is essential for proactive health management and early intervention when necessary.

If you want to take care of your liver health, then book an SGPT test with Pathkind today! Embrace peace of mind and get screened for any early problems.

SGPT Normal Range

The normal SGPT (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase) range is a critical indicator of liver health, typically falling between 7 to 56 units per litre (U/L). This enzymatic range is a standard reference in blood tests, reflecting the optimal functioning of the liver. Maintaining SGPT within this range is crucial for metabolic processes and overall well-being.

Any deviation from this norm may suggest liver dysfunction, necessitating further investigation. Regular monitoring of SGPT levels within the normal range is essential for early detection of potential liver issues, enabling timely intervention and the preservation of optimal liver function.

SGPT Test Procedure

The SGPT test is a bit lengthy. However, here’s the detailed SGPT test Procedure:


  • Fasting: Patients are often advised to fast for several hours before the test to ensure accurate results.
  • Informing the healthcare provider about any medications, supplements, or herbal remedies being taken.

Blood Sample Collection

  • A trained healthcare professional will draw a small blood sample, usually from a vein in the arm, using a needle and syringe.

Test Procedure:

  • The collected blood is transferred to a specialised tube.
  • The tube is then sent to a laboratory for analysis.

Laboratory Analysis:

    • In the laboratory, the blood sample is centrifuged to separate the serum from other blood components.

    SGPT Measurement:

    • The serum is analysed for SGPT levels using automated clinical chemistry analysers.
    • Results are reported in units per litre (U/L).

      Result Interpretation:

      • Healthcare professionals interpret the SGPT levels in the context of the individual's age, sex, and overall health.
      • Normal range: Typically falls between 7 to 56 U/L.

        Communication of Results:

        • The healthcare provider communicates the SGPT results to the patient.
        • Any deviation from the normal range is discussed, and further steps, if necessary, are outlined.


          • Based on the SGPT results, healthcare professionals may recommend additional tests or interventions.
          • Further investigations help identify the underlying cause of elevated SGPT levels if present.

            Patient Education:

            • Patients may receive guidance on lifestyle modifications, dietary changes, or medications to address any identified issues.
            • Understanding the importance of regular testing and follow-up is emphasised.


              • Results are documented in the patient's medical records for future reference.
              • This information contributes to a comprehensive health profile and aids in monitoring long-term liver health.

                Interpreting SGPT Results

                Understanding the results of an SGPT test is crucial for assessing liver health. Normal SGPT levels indicate a healthy liver, while elevated levels may suggest liver damage or disease. Interpreting these results requires consideration of various factors, including age, sex, and overall health.

                What Are the Causes of Elevated SGPT?

                Elevated SGPT (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase) levels can stem from various factors, primarily indicating liver distress or damage. Liver-related causes include:

                Non-liver-related factors can also influence SGPT levels such as:

                • Muscle injury
                • Heart problems
                • Certain medications

                Alcohol abuse and viral infections are common culprits. Identifying the specific cause is crucial for determining the appropriate course of action. Regular monitoring, consultation with healthcare professionals, and addressing underlying issues contribute to effective management and maintenance of SGPT and SGOT normal range, ensuring overall liver health and well-being.

                What Are the Symptoms of Elevated SGPT?

                Recognizing symptoms associated with elevated SGPT levels is crucial for early intervention. Symptoms may include:

                • Fatigue
                • Jaundice
                • Abdominal pain
                • Unexplained weight loss

                Understanding the correlation between these symptoms and SGPT levels helps individuals seek timely medical attention.

                Importance of Regular SGPT Testing

                Regular SGPT testing is a proactive approach to monitor liver health and detect potential issues early on. By incorporating this test into routine health check-ups, individuals can take preventive measures and address emerging problems before they escalate. Consultation with healthcare professionals is key to developing a personalised health plan based on SGPT levels.

                Maintaining SGPT normal range involves adopting a healthy lifestyle. A balanced diet, regular exercise, and limiting alcohol intake can contribute significantly to liver health. These lifestyle changes not only help in managing SGPT levels but also contribute to overall well-being.


                Understanding the SGPT normal range and its correlation with SGOT is vital for assessing liver health. Regular SGPT testing, along with an awareness of the causes and symptoms of elevated levels, empowers individuals to take charge of their liver health.

                By incorporating simple lifestyle changes, individuals can work towards maintaining SGPT within the normal range, ensuring a healthy and resilient liver. Regular consultations with healthcare professionals provide personalised guidance for optimal liver care. Prioritising liver health today is an investment in a healthier tomorrow.

                Pathkind offers home collection services, a team of highly skilled and experienced staff, and up to 100% accurate results. Moreover, if you book an SGPT test with Pathkind, then you’ll experience super-fast turnaround times and much more! So, don’t wait! Book now!

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