Piles or haemorrhoids are a bunch of inflamed veins in the lower anus and rectum area that also cause localized inflammation of the other tissues. The swollen veins inside the rectum area or outside the anus lead to pain, anal itching, and bleeding from the rectum area. Though it’s a lesser-known fact that we are all born with haemorrhoids but it doesn’t cause any trouble. It becomes troublesome only when they get inflamed, become large, and produce irritating symptoms.
Though piles are a fairly common problem, their symptoms aren’t always visible. The symptoms of haemorrhoids depend on the type and its location.
Though anyone can get affected by haemorrhoids, it tends to get more common as you age with the risk increasing for those above the age of 50. You are considered more at risk if you have the following conditions:
Piles or haemorrhoids can appear both on the inside or outside the rectum and the type of haemorrhoids largely depend on the area where the inflamed veins develop. Three types of haemorrhoids include:
Haemorrhoids are caused by straining that puts pressure on the anal and rectal veins. Straining of any kind that puts increasing pressure on your belly or lower extremities causes swelling and painful inflammation in the anal and rectal veins. Causes of haemorrhoids development include:
Internal haemorrhoids, that don’t prolapse or stretch, rarely cause any pain and can’t be touched by hand. Most people with internal haemorrhoids don’t even know they have them as they don’t show any symptoms or cause pain. If you’re showing symptoms of internal haemorrhoids, you may notice some blood on the toilet seat, toilet paper, or on your stool. Such bleeding is known as rectal bleeding.
However, external haemorrhoids or piles have more noticeable symptoms like:
Internal or external haemorrhoids that get prolapsed are more painful, challenging for the patient, and make them uncomfortable. Those affected with prolapsed haemorrhoids can feel a bulging growth outside the anus that can be pushed back inside gently.
Your treating physician or surgeon can easily diagnose haemorrhoids based on a physical and rectal exam followed by your medical history and symptoms. Haemorrhoids diagnosis is done by:
After the detailed examination and confirmation of the diagnosis, you may be asked to undergo certain tests like CBC to assess the blood picture and rule out bleeding.
Though haemorrhoids are painful and cause an uncomfortable feeling, they are rarely likely to cause any severe problems. People affected with haemorrhoids rarely develop the following complications:
Most piles or haemorrhoids go away on their own without causing much trouble or requiring any treatment. A few cause symptoms like pain and bleeding that also subside within a week without doing much. Meanwhile, practising a few home remedies and treatments at home offers relief. here are a few home treatment remedies for haemorrhoids that are effective:
Alternatively, if your haemorrhoids require surgical intervention, your doctor may advise you to undergo the following procedures after going through pre-surgical tests:
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