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What leads to Kidney Stones: Reasons, Symptoms & Problems

Pathkind Team 5159 Views
Updated: 30 Nov 2023
Published: 09 Feb 2023
Types of Kidney Stones

More than 500,000 people visit emergency rooms every year with kidney stone complications. One in ten people experiences kidney stones at some point in their lives.

A solid mass called a kidney stone is produced by the sedimentation of chemicals found in urine. Calcium oxalate, uric acid, struvite, or cystine can all be used to make kidney stones. If not treated at the earliest, it might prove to be detrimental.

To get treated for kidney stones, one needs to get them diagnosed with a Ultrasound (USG) test from a reliable source. Pathkind Labs is here to help you with all your diagnosis needs. Our labs have several accreditations that keep us ahead of our competitors. Our knowledgeable technicians know their jobs to the core. So, contact us anytime, and get a comprehensive idea about the available tests, including kidney stone detection.

The underlying causes of kidney stone

Ages 20 to 50 are when kidney stones are most likely to develop. Several factors can elevate your risk of developing a stone. According to studies, men develop kidney stones at a faster frequency than women.

If you've ever had kidney stones, your risk may be higher. Kidney stones can even be genetic, the development is found to run in the family from generation to generation.

Additional danger signs include:

  • Dehydration
  • Obesity
  • High-protein, high-sodium, or high-glucose diet
  • Having hyperparathyroidism
  • Weight reduction surgeries
  • Conditions that cause an increase in calcium absorption in the intestines
  • Taking prescripted drugs, including calcium-based antacids, triamterene diuretics, and seizure medications

Signs and symptoms of kidney stones

The majority of the time knowing what are the signs of kidney stones goes futile as symptoms are absent until a kidney stone moves around in the kidney or enters one of the ureters. The kidneys and bladder are connected through uterus tubes.

It can be extremely painful when a kidney stone gets lodged in the ureters. It can increase kidney size, decrease urine flow, and trigger ureter spasms. The following symptoms could then appear:

  • Back and side ribs are being painful, suddenly.
  • Lower back and groin pain
  • Painful waves of varying intensity
  • There may be pain or burning while urinating.

Additional signs and symptoms of kidney stones could be:

  • Pee may be red, pink, or brown.
  • Urine that is cloudy or smells bad
  • A persistent urge to urinate, urinating frequently or in small amounts, or urinating more frequently than usual
  • Vomiting and nauseous
  • If an infection is present, fever and chills

As the stone passes the urinary tract, the pain from a kidney stone may alter, such as moving to a different spot or becoming more intense.


The chance of developing chronic kidney disease rises as a result of kidney stone complications. You may have a higher possibility of getting another stone if you've already had one. In the next 5 to 7 years, there is a 50% chance that someone who has already had one stone will develop the condition again.

If a kidney stone gets stuck in the ureters, restricts the flow of urine, inflames the kidney, and causes the ureter to spasm, it can be excruciatingly painful. At that time, the following symptoms could manifest: severe, immediate pain in the side and back, below the ribs. Radiating lower abdominal and groin pain.


Below are a few measurements to decrease the possibility of kidney stones developing in our bodies:-

  • Getting enough liquids will keep the concentration of waste products in your urine from building up. If you think you are well hydrated, your urine must be very light yellow to clear because darker urine is more concentrated.
  • More than 12 glasses of water per day are recommended for most people.
  • For advice on how much water is ideal for you, talk to a medical professional. Soda, energy drinks, coffee, and tea are all less healthy than water.
  • Increase your intake of fruits and vegetables to lessen urine acidity. When the urine is less acidic, stones might be less likely to form. To know what foods are good for you to eat, you can search online for a kidney stone diet chart.
  • If you are overweight, you should try to lose weight. Crash diets and high-protein weight-loss plans that contain a lot of animal protein, however, can increase the risk of stone formation.
  • You shouldn't be alarmed if you have a "calcium" stone. Dairy products may contain calcium, but because calcium and oxalate bind before the oxalate enters the kidneys, they help prevent kidney stones. The lowest dietary calcium intake groups have a higher risk of developing kidney stones.
  • Consult your doctor or a dietitian about changing your diet and creating a kidney stone diet chart if you've ever had a stone or think your risk of getting one may be higher.


At their least painful, kidney stones can be excruciatingly frustrating. You should have a medical professional evaluate you right away to halt the deterioration of the situation. And to confirm the condition, opt for Pathkind Labs for accurate results at the fastest pace. At our labs, we do not compromise with hygiene and internationally acclaimed protocols. We have over 75 labs providing satisfactory services to hundreds of patients every day. So for an unmatchable diagnostic solution, choose Pathkind Labs.

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Component : pH, Creatinine, Calcium, Magnesium, Citrate, Oxalate, Osmolality, Electrolytes, Urine, Uric Acid, Phosphorus

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Component : Uric Acid

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Component : Kidney Stone Analysis

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