Human body cells contain fat-like substances known as cholesterol. There are mainly two sources of cholesterol in our human body. The first source is our liver, which produces cholesterol. The second source of cholesterol is food items derived from animals. For example, meat and dairy products contain a significant amount of cholesterol. Cholesterol is required to develop healthy cells in our body. However, high cholesterol levels in our bodies will have a negative impact. For the same reason, doctors advise individuals to maintain normal blood cholesterol levels.
When cholesterol increases, arteries in our body that supply blood to the heart become narrow. In some cases, the arteries become stiff, and blood supply is hampered. Since the heart cannot get the blood or the oxygen present in the blood, there are chances of a heart attack. This condition is known as coronary artery disease and is the leading disease in many countries. For the same reason, maintaining normal blood cholesterol levels is of utmost importance. Read on to know more about normal blood cholesterol levels in the human body.
While measuring the cholesterol levels in the body, different terms are used. Before understanding the normal blood cholesterol level in the body, one should be familiar with different types of cholesterol. Different types of cholesterol in the human body are as follows:
Doctors carry out a lipoprotein panel test, a blood test to determine cholesterol levels. One can know how far they are from the cholesterol normal value via the lipoprotein panel. Before the test, doctors ask patients not to eat anything from 9 to 12 hours. The test information contains the total cholesterol normal range, which is the sum of HDL and LDL in the body. The test also gives information about non-HDL, which is the cholesterol besides HDL. It can include LDL and Very-low-density Lipoprotein (VLDL). The lipoprotein panel test also talks about triglycerides, a fat that opens doors to heart diseases. Higher amounts of triglycerides are often discovered in women. Note that triglycerides are not a type of cholesterol.
As discussed above, the lipoprotein panel will showcase the amount of HDL, LDL, non-HDL, and total cholesterol in the body. There is a cholesterol normal value for men, women, and children. Cholesterol normal values for people of different age groups are as follows:
Even though triglycerides aren’t cholesterol, they are mentioned in the lipoprotein panel report. For a normal person, the triglycerides level should be less than 150 mg/dL. However, people with high cholesterol levels often also have high triglycerides (higher than 160 mg/dL).
A lipoprotein panel is taken several times to determine high cholesterol levels if existing. General recommendations for taking a cholesterol test for different age groups are as follows:
High cholesterol levels can occur due to numerous factors. Some common causes of cholesterol in men/women are as follows:
Contact your doctor right away if you have high cholesterol levels! Click here for the total cholesterol test.