An abdominal hysterectomy refers to the surgical procedure of removing the uterus. In this process, a surgeon makes an incision in the lower abdominal region for the surgery of the uterus. As regards the surgical process, it can be either partial or full. In the case of a partial hysterectomy, only the uterus is removed and the cervix is kept intact. On the other hand, a total hysterectomy involves the removal of both these organs.
In some cases, a surgeon may also remove the fallopian tubes or ovaries while performing a hysterectomy. In the case of a vaginal hysterectomy, an incision is made in the vaginal region.
An abdominal hysterectomy is recommended if:
A hysterectomy becomes essential for the treatment of the following:
After a hysterectomy, you will not be able to become pregnant in the future. If you wish to treat conditions like uterine prolapse, endometriosis, or fibroids without losing the ability to become a mother, you can talk to your doctor about the other possible alternatives to hysterectomy.
This surgery, to a large extent, is safe for women. But just like other surgeries, it also has certain risks. The surgery has the following associated risks:
A hysterectomy is essentially a surgery. It’s natural to feel anxious before undergoing it. To minimize the fear in your mind or prepare yourself mentally for it, you can take the following steps:
Collect information: It is natural on your part to feel anxious before undergoing surgery such as a hysterectomy. However, you can get to know about its benefits by gathering precise information about it. This way, you will remain confident and stay positive.
While performing a hysterectomy, your doctor (or surgeon) will remove the uterus. They will remove it from the connective tissue and all the other organs that provide support to it. If you need to undergo a total hysterectomy, they will also remove the cervix. Additionally, they may also remove some other pelvic tissue organs. The list of such organs may include fallopian tubes or ovaries.
Before performing the surgery, your surgeon will perform different tests to decide their course of action. The tests they will perform include the following:
Before the morning of the day on which you are to undergo a hysterectomy, your surgeon will provide you with soap to eliminate the chances of any infection. In addition, they may also arrange for the cleansing of the vagina or the rectum.
Your surgeon will begin the surgery after putting you on anaesthesia. A surgical team member will pass a urinary catheter through the urethra to empty the bladder. It will remain in place throughout the surgery. Your surgeon will use a sterile solution to cleanse the vagina and the abdomen.
Thereafter, your surgeon will either make a vertical incision or a horizontal bikini-line incision, depending on several factors.
Following the completion of the procedure, you will remain in the surgery room for some time. At this time, your surgeon will monitor you and help you with pain relief if necessary. They will also provide you with medications to help relieve your pain. You may need to stay in the hospital for one to two days at least before getting discharged.
As is the case with most women, it will take about six weeks for you to recover. Your doctor will advise you to take plenty of rest and avoid lifting anything heavy. Also, your doctor will give you instructions to take medicines and advise you to avoid any sexual activity for six weeks.
Hysterectomy can be either whole or partial. It is a safe process with minimal risk for women. It can be done for many reasons. However, it is recommended that you consult your doctor before deciding to go for it.
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