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Exploring the Surprising Dimension of Pigment Beyond Jaundice

Dr Rishika Agarwal 753 Views
Updated: 05 Apr 2024
Published: 05 Apr 2024
Exploring the Surprising Dimension of Pigment Beyond Jaundice


Have you ever come across the thought that whenever we get jaundice there is yellowish pigmentation in our body. Now, what exactly is jaundice? Jaundice is a condition in which our skin and the whites of our eyes turn yellow in colour. This is because of the high levels of bilirubin which is yellow-orange bile pigment and formed by breaking down red blood cells. Apart from this, pigment is a far broader phenomenon and plays a pivotal role in our health and our survival.

Let’s learn about pigment in detail and understand it beyond what we already know. First, let's talk about jaundice.

Causes of Jaundice

As we already discussed, jaundice is a condition when our skin and the whites of our eyes turn yellow due to high levels of bilirubin in our blood. Now let's investigate its causes:

  • Haemolytic Anaemia: When the red blood cell breaks down excessively, it leads to an excessive amount of bilirubin production in our body. 
  • Neonatal Jaundice: This is very common in newborn babies and babies often get jaundice due to the underdevelopment of the liver or immature liver that results in inefficient production of bilirubin.
  • Hepatitis: Virus, alcohol or drug use, autoimmune disease, or any chemical exposure can cause liver inflammation which may be chronic or acute, lasting for at least 6 months, and long-term inflammation can damage the liver, causing jaundice. 
  • Alcohol Consumption: Consumption of excessive alcohol can result in serious liver damage causing alcoholic hepatitis and alcoholic cirrhosis which causes liver damage. 
  • Biliary Atresia: It is a condition in which the bile ducts are blocked or absent in the body of newborns which becomes a cause of jaundice.

Apart from the above-mentioned causes, there are many more causes of jaundice that affect the health of a person.

Jaundice Disease Treatment

There are many ways through which jaundice can be treated and treatment varies according to each cause. Let's unveil a few of them:

  • Managing Liver Diseases: Taking care of liver diseases and improving the condition through liver transplantation, taking respective medicines, and changing lifestyle.
  • Phototherapy: Newborn babies are exposed to special lights that help to break down the excessive amount of bilirubin in the body. Phototherapy is very effective and helps the babies recover.
  • Stay Hydrated: Drinking water helps to drain out the excessive amount of bilirubin in the body and helps easy recovery.
  • No Alcohol: Alcohol should not be consumed to stop further damage to the liver.
  • Regular Jaundice Tests: It's important for regular jaundice tests and checkups from professionals as it helps in accessing and adjusting the treatment as per the condition.
  • Managing the Lifestyle and Diet: Taking a healthy and balanced diet and improving your day-to-day routine can help with better liver condition.

Role and Benefits of Pigmentation

Let's talk about the advantages of pigmentation and bilirubin at a broader level in our body:

  • Gives Early Warning: The urning of yellow skin and whites of eyes can give you a sign of alert as this turning of yellow colour can be a sign of certain conditions like liver disease and blockage in the bile duct. With this, you can immediately consider a doctor and take the respective treatment and jaundice test.
  • Therapeutic Role: Bilirubin is very effective in treating and managing conditions that are related to oxidative stress or help in modulating immune responses. 
  • Protection from UltraViolet Rays: Melanin Pigment helps to protect you from harmful UV rays from the sun and reduces the risk of skin cancer and protects your skin.
  • Healing Wounds: Melanin helps in healing wounds and repairing tissues in our body. 
  • Pigmentation in Eyes: Pigmentation helps in protecting your eyes from direct and excessive exposure to light. It helps in the prevention of damage and works as an eye protector.
  • Change in Skin Colour (Health Indicator): Sometimes the colour of your skin can make your skin pigmentation change, turning your body pale. This acts as an indicator that helps you associate with any health condition and helps you get treatment for the same on time.


The role of pigment undeniably extends far beyond the condition of jaundice. Pigmentation in our body helps in accessing the problem with the change in colour of the skin and makes us alert so that we can take respective tests on time. It is always recommended to never take any medication according to your understanding and always recommend professional advice and consultancy.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. What is the role of pigmentation in the human body apart from jaundice?

    Answer:- There are many roles such as protecting the skin from harmful UV rays and pigmentation also helps in changing the colour of the skin and acts as a health indicator.

  2. How does pigmentation act as an eye protector?

    Answer:- Pigmentation in our eyes protects the eyes from direct and excessive exposure to light and prevents damage to our eyes.

  3. How does pigmentation help to protect skin from UV radiation?

    Answer:- When our skin is exposed to the sun, it produces melanin in our body which gives us protection against harmful radiation.

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