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Medical Conditions and Hair Fall: When to Consult the Doctor

Dr. Rahul Verma 878 Views
Updated: 18 Jan 2024
Published: 09 Oct 2023
Medical Conditions and Hair Fall


Hair serves as a style statement and a meter of our general health, playing a double purpose in our lives. Although losing some hair daily is normal, excessive hair loss could indicate underlying medical problems. This blog aims to analyse all the illnesses that might cause hair loss thoroughly. We'll also discuss the essential issue of when seeing a medical expert is a good idea for hair loss treatment and discuss hair fall tests to identify the underlying reasons for hair loss. It becomes clear that every hair can offer crucial indications about our health as we travel this complex world of hair health.

Medical Conditions Leading to Hair Fall

Discover the distinctive characteristics and effects of various health disorders that can lead to hair loss:

  1. Androgenetic alopecia (Male and Female Pattern Baldness): This hereditary disorder affects both men and women and is the most prevalent reason for hair loss. It often manifests in men as thinning at the crown of the head and a receding hairline. It frequently entails a gradual hair loss on the top of the scalp in females. The course of androgenetic alopecia can differ from person to person and is controlled by genetic and hormonal variables.

  2. Telogen Effluvium: Telogen effluvium is a type of hair loss frequently resulting from stress, sickness, or hormonal changes that interfere with the regular hair development cycle. A considerable portion of the hair follicles in this condition enter a resting phase, which causes transient hair shedding. Telogen effluvium can be brought on by situations like surgery, childbirth, or extreme emotional stress, and if the underlying cause is treated, hair usually comes back.

  3. Alopecia Areata: In alopecia areata, the body's immune system unintentionally targets and destroys hair follicles. Sudden and unexpected hair loss occurs, frequently appearing as small, circular patches on the scalp or in other body parts. Alopecia area's precise cause is still unknown, but it has been linked to other autoimmune diseases.

  4. Hormonal Imbalances: Disorders like Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and thyroid issues can create havoc on the body's hormonal balance. Hair loss is one of several health problems that hormonal imbalances can bring on. Hair loss may be a distressing symptom for people with these disorders that has to be addressed and managed.

  5. Nutritional Deficiencies: Healthy hair depends on proper nourishment. Iron, zinc, and biotin are three vital elements whose inadequate intake can damage hair strands and cause severe hair loss. Under medical supervision, ensuring a balanced diet or thinking about supplements might help treat nutritional deficiencies.

  6. Scalp infections: Bacterial or fungal infections that affect the scalp can harm hair follicles, resulting in hair loss. Conditions like ringworm and folliculitis that can cause thinning hair should be addressed immediately to stop future hair loss and discomfort.

  7. Medication Side Effects: Hair loss is a potentially unpleasant side effect of some medications, including chemotherapy drugs, anticoagulants, and antidepressants. It's critical for people taking these medications to be aware of any possible adverse effects and to talk to their doctor about any worries they may have. Alternative treatments or coping mechanisms may be investigated in some circumstances.

Diagnostic Tests for Hair Loss

The Diagnostic tests that can be useful to detect hair loss are:

  • Blood tests: To look for autoimmune conditions like nutritional deficiencies and hormonal imbalances that can be the cause of hair loss, a blood panel is employed to detect it.

  • Hair Pull Test:  During this hair loss diagnosis technique, a healthcare professional gently pulls a few hair strands to measure how much hair is shed. If increased hair sheds at the time, it can cause a problem.

  • Scalp biopsy: A small sample of scalp tissue may be examined under a microscope for signs of infection, inflammation, or other underlying disorders.

  • Hormone Level Examination: By measuring hormone levels; hormonal abnormalities particularly those involving the thyroid and sex hormones can be found.

  • Microscopy: Hair shafts are examined under a microscope to assess the structure and find any anomalies.

  • Scalp imaging: Advanced imaging techniques like trichoscopy are used to provide exact images of the scalp and hair follicles to aid in the diagnostic procedure.

When to Consult a Healthcare Professional for Hair Loss?

Some red signs of why you should consult a healthcare professional for a hair fall test:

  1. Sudden and Significant Hair Loss: Hair loss that worsens suddenly and significantly is cause for concern. To determine the underlying reason for fast hair loss, it is usually necessary to undergo an immediate medical assessment.

  2. Hair Loss in Clumps or Bald Spots: If you see prominent bald spots or hair loss in clumps on your scalp, you must take these conditions seriously. These hair loss patterns could point to various underlying issues that need to be evaluated by a professional.

  3. Hair Loss in the Family: If you have a history of hair loss, mainly if it follows a recognizable pattern like male or female baldness, you should consult a doctor. They can help you assess your risk and investigate available treatments and preventative actions.

  4. Accompanying Symptoms: Hair loss may be a sign of an underlying medical illness if accompanied by other unsettling symptoms like persistent exhaustion, unexpected weight fluctuations, changes in skin or nail health, or irregular menstruation cycles (in the case of females). In such situations, seeking professional advice to address the likely root problem becomes essential.

  5. Persistent Scalp Issues: Constant flaking, redness, or scalp irritation should not be ignored. These conditions may be connected to dermatological or underlying health disorders that call for medical attention and can contribute to hair loss.

  6. Long-term Medication Use: It is advisable to speak with your doctor if you are using any medications known to cause hair loss as a side effect, such as some chemotherapy drugs, anticoagulants, or antidepressants. They might talk about potential substitutes or mitigation techniques to lessen the impact on your hair.

Key Highlights

  • Early hair loss diagnosis is essential for better outcomes.
  • Lifestyle changes like diet, stress management, and hair care play an essential role in hair health.
  • Hair loss treatment like medications, medicines, and surgical procedures like hair transplants can benefit hair loss.
  • Your emotional well-being plays a vital role in your hair and overall health, so consider getting advice from a healthcare expert.


To conclude, knowingthe link between your medical conditions and hair fall is necessary for better treatment options and successful outcomes. If your hair shows any symptoms of abnormality that can be worse, consider seeking medical help from an expert for hair loss diagnosis. You can regain your hair health and confidence with the proper care and treatment.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. How can stress be managed? Can stress lead to hair loss?

    Answer:- Hair loss may be influenced by stress. Meditation, yoga, and counselling are effective stress reduction methods that can lessen their adverse effects on hair health.

  2. Are usual hair loss medicines connected with any adverse effects?

    Answer:- Some hair loss treatments may cause adverse effects, including irritated scalp or sexual dysfunction. Before beginning any treatment, it's critical to address potential side effects with a medical practitioner.

  3. How does genetics affect hair loss, and is it preventable?

    Answer:-  Hair loss patterns can be influenced by genetics. Although it cannot be stopped entirely, early intervention and therapy can halt or lessen its progression.

  4. What foods encourage hair development, and how does nutrition affect the hair's health?

    Answer:- Healthy hair development can be aided by a well-balanced diet high in vitamins, minerals, and protein. Lean proteins, almonds, and leafy greens are suitable for keeping hair strong and healthy.

  5. Is having a hair transplant a long-term remedy for hair loss?

    Answer:- Because hair transplant surgery includes moving hair follicles from one region to another, it might offer a long-lasting remedy for hair loss. Talking with a surgeon about your expectations and any prospective follow-up operations is crucial.

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