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Understanding Hepatitis in India: Causes, Symptoms, and Available Treatment Options

Pathkind Team 23934 Views
Updated: 13 Oct 2023
Published: 29 Jun 2023
Understanding Hepatitis in India

Hepatitis is the medical term for liver inflammation. The liver is a crucial organ that filters blood, processes nutrients, and fights infections. The function of the liver can be impacted by inflammation or damage. Toxins, excessive alcohol use, some medications, and specific medical conditions can bring on hepatitis. Hepatitis is typically brought on by a virus, though.

Hepatitis Causes

Hepatitis A is caused by exposure to HAV in food and water. Contact with HBV in body fluids such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen causes hepatitis B. Hepatitis C can be caused by contact with HCV in body fluids such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen. Contact with blood containing HDV can cause hepatitis D. The cause of hepatitis E is exposure to HEV in food and water.

Overindulgence in alcohol can harm and inflame the liver. Hepatitis is caused by alcohol consumption, alcohol Hepatitis is another name for it.

Your liver cells suffer immediate damage from alcohol. It can eventually result in irreversible harm, thickening or scarring of the liver tissue (cirrhosis), and liver failure.

The misuse of medications and exposure to toxins are two additional toxic causes of hepatitis.

Hepatitis B and C, which are chronic and contagious forms of the disease, do not initially cause symptoms unless the liver is seriously damaged.

The following signs of acute and symptoms of HBV can manifest very quickly.

  • Fatigue
  • Dark urine
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Pale stool
  • Abdominal pain
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Loss of appetite

Treatment of Hepatitis

Hepatitis A: The answer to the question "Is hepatitis A permanent?" is no. Hepatitis A is a transient illness for which there is no cure. In cases of severe discomfort, however, bed rest might be advised. Vaccinations can protect against hepatitis A. A series of two vaccines are administered to infants between the ages of 12 and 18 months to prevent the disease.

Hepatitis B: Antiviral medications are used to treat chronic hepatitis B. Hepatitis B treatment can be costly because it lasts for several months or years. Furthermore, to determine whether the virus is responding to treatments, regular medical evaluations and monitoring are required. For the first six months of a child's life, all newborns should receive a series of three hepatitis B vaccinations.

Hepatitis C: Both the acute and chronic forms of the disease require antiviral drugs. Hepatitis C can therefore be treated or cured. Antiviral drug therapies must be used in combination for people with chronic hepatitis C. Patients with chronic hepatitis who develop liver cirrhosis may qualify for a liver transplant.

Hepatitis D: At the moment, there are no antiviral drugs available to treat hepatitis D. Alpha interferon was used in a 2013 study to treat hepatitis D, but only about 25 to 30 percent of patients showed improvement. However, since hepatitis D cannot develop without an infection with hepatitis B, receiving a hepatitis B vaccination is one way to prevent hepatitis D.

Hepatitis E: Hepatitis E is an acute infection for which there are no available medical treatments. Usually, it resolves on its own. It is advised to get enough sleep, drink plenty of water, consume enough food, and abstain from alcohol.

Hepatitis B

Prevention of hepatitis

  1. Refrain from consuming unclean food and water. especially from locations where food preparation lacks proper sanitation.
  2. Strongly condemn unprotected sex as well as the use of intravenous drugs. 
  3. Community-based routine testing for Hepatitis B and C can help identify cases early and provide the chance to treat them when they are still treatable. 
  4. Hepatitis B and C testing should be performed on all pregnant women. 
  5. There are Hepatitis B vaccines available. Healthcare workers and family members of Hepatitis B patients should be offered vaccination because they are at a high risk of contracting infections.

There are numerous ways to test for hepatitis. So if you see any symptoms, do not delay and, get tested today!

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