Hepatitis C is a disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and results in inflammation and infection of liver. Medical experts believe that the disease is contagious in nature and spreads primarily by blood to blood contact or with the exertion of injectable drugs. In many cases, the patients remain unaware of HCV’s presence until the symptoms get severe and virus invades the liver cells to cause swelling and dysfunction.
According to local media reports, the disease is an epidemic in many states of India like Uttar Pradesh, where a large chunk of population lives below the poverty line. It is claimed that some villages in the state have alarming situations with almost 80% of respective population being infected with the virus. Thus, it is important to encourage people and help them to reach out to a top quality diagnostic center in Varanasi or diagnostic center in Lucknow.
Here is everything you need to know about Hepatitis C disease:
Hepatitis C is mainly categorized as acute and chronic on the basis of time and stages. Often referred as a silent epidemic, acute hepatitis C is the initial stage of the disease that may indicate few or no symptoms. Some reported symptoms include abdominal discomfort, nausea, fever, pain in joints and fatigue. However, prevalence of virus in the blood for more than 6 months increases the risk of chronic hepatitis which can result in scarring or fibrosis of liver (after years). People may also experience grievous symptoms like jaundice and clay colored stool.
Medical experts claim that the hepatitis C virus spreads significantly in the blood and body fluids of the infected person. Since the disease is contagious in nature, it spreads easily to other people with sexual contact and genes. Some other ways the virus spreads include:
However, actions like casual physical contact, breastfeeding, kissing and food sharing doesn’t involve the risk of virus transfer.
Unlike hepatitis A or B, medical experts and scientists are unable to find a significant vaccination for preventing the condition. But since the condition is treatable and preventable with medications, it doesn’t develop as a matter of serious concern.
Medical experts suggest people to choose from the various blood test packages if they experience any noticeable symptoms of the condition. These blood tests help in the diagnosis of Hepatitis while confirming the presence of the virus. Doctors can then suggest patients with suitable treatments.